Home »

第一類第二類第三類動詞「辭書形」的變化與用法

by 阿哲
辭書形標題圖案

課堂上我們教到了日語動詞的「辭書形」,什麼是「辭書形」呢?顧名思義,當大家查字典時,比如查「行きます」是查不到的,因為我們習慣的「ます形」是動詞的敬體,所以要找「行く」而不是「行きます」。

而「辭書形」除了代表了動詞的普通形,也有很多重要的文法,大家要好好學起來喔!

那要如何將我們學過的動詞改成「辭書形」呢?請看下面表格:


第一類、第二類、第三類動詞的「辭書形」變化

辭書形變化說明表格

「辭書形」可當動詞普通形

用來表示口語當中「現在及未來的動作」

禮貌客氣的說法:その靴を買います。

輕鬆的口語說法:その靴、買う。

禮貌客氣的說法:この問題が分かりますか?

輕鬆的口語說法:この問題、分かる?


辭書形+ことです(將動詞轉為名詞化,こと=這件事)

弾きます(第一類動詞)→弾く

A:趣味は何ですか?(您的興趣是什麼呢?)

B:ピアノを弾くことです。(彈鋼琴)

泳ぎます(第一類動詞)→泳ぐ

A:泳ぐことができますか?(會游泳嗎?)

B:はい、できます。(是的,我會。)


辭書形+予定です(表訂行程打算做某動作)

出張します(第三類動詞)→出張する

◆来週日本へ出張する予定です。(表定行程下週要去日本出差)

行きます(第一類動詞)→行く

◆明日台北へ行く予定です。(表定行程明天要去台北。)


辭書形+つもりです(強調下定決心打算做某動作)

結婚します(第三類動詞)→結婚する

◆今年結婚するつもりです。(下定決心打算今年結婚)

読みます(第一類動詞)→読む

◆日曜日この本を読むつもりです。(下定決心打算週日看這本書。)


★歡迎加入社團,接收阿哲最新文章★


喜歡請分享給親朋好友~
  •  
  •  
  •  
  •  
  •  

Related Articles

24 評論

asmr https://0mniartist.tumblr.com 2021 年 4 月 10 日 - 下午 7:03

Good write-up. I definitely appreciate this website.
Stick with it! asmr 0mniartist

回覆
asmr https://0mniartist.tumblr.com 2021 年 4 月 11 日 - 下午 2:42

whoah this blog is great i like reading your posts. Keep up the good
work! You recognize, a lot of people are looking around for this info, you could help them
greatly. 0mniartist asmr

回覆
0mniartist 2021 年 4 月 12 日 - 上午 10:52

I’m curious to find out what blog platform you are working with?
I’m experiencing some small security problems with
my latest website and I’d like to find something more safeguarded.

Do you have any recommendations? asmr 0mniartist

回覆
bitly.com 2021 年 4 月 15 日 - 上午 2:10

I was recommended this website via my cousin. I’m now not certain whether
this submit is written through him as no one else understand such
targeted about my difficulty. You’re wonderful! Thank you!
0mniartist asmr

回覆
Billy 2021 年 4 月 15 日 - 上午 3:16

Now I am going to do my breakfast, once having my breakfast coming again to read more
news.

回覆
id test untuk greatwall99 2021 年 4 月 15 日 - 上午 3:43

Appreciate this post. Will try it out.

Also visit my blog – id test untuk greatwall99

回覆
http://bitly.com/ 2021 年 4 月 16 日 - 下午 3:16

Hey I know this is off topic but I was wondering if you knew of any widgets I could add to my blog that automatically tweet my newest twitter
updates. I’ve been looking for a plug-in like this for quite some time
and was hoping maybe you would have some experience
with something like this. Please let me know if you run into anything.
I truly enjoy reading your blog and I look forward
to your new updates. 0mniartist asmr

回覆
age.s13.xrea.com 2021 年 4 月 16 日 - 下午 10:42

Veery gߋod write-up. I absolutеly loνe thhis website.

Keep it up! http://age.s13.xrea.com/cgi-bin/bbs2/apeboard_plus.cgi

回覆
Ashleigh 2021 年 4 月 17 日 - 上午 12:49

Hey there! Would you mind if I share your blog with my twitter group?

There’s a lot of people that I think would really appreciate your content.
Please let me know. Many thanks

回覆
idn poker 2021 年 4 月 17 日 - 下午 12:35

When sߋmeone wrіtes ann paгagraph he/she retains the іmɑɡe
of а user in his/her mind that how a ᥙser ϲan be aware of it.
So that’s whyy this post is perfect. Thanks!

Check out my blog – idn poker

回覆
롤강의 2021 年 4 月 17 日 - 下午 3:09

I am truly thankful to the holder of this site who has shared this great
article at here.

Stop by my blog post; 롤강의

回覆
live22 apk download for android 2021 年 4 月 17 日 - 下午 4:12

It’s really a nice and helpful piece of info. I’m satisfied that you
just shared this useful info with us. Please stay us up to date like
this. Thanks for sharing.

Here is my homepage :: live22 apk download for android

回覆
Ace333 Kiosk Download 2021 年 4 月 17 日 - 下午 4:26

Thanks for sharing your thoughts about download ace333 android.
Regards

Have a look at my website Ace333 Kiosk Download

回覆
Joker123 deposit pulsa tri 2021 年 4 月 17 日 - 下午 5:28

Saya tidak bisa menahan diri dari berkomentar. Baik ditulis!

Feel free to visit my web blog – Joker123 deposit pulsa tri

回覆
rollex11 pc download 2021 年 4 月 17 日 - 下午 6:38

You could certainly see your skills in the work you write.

The sector hopes for more passionate writers such as you who aren’t afraid to say how they
believe. Always follow your heart.

my homepage rollex11 pc download

回覆
game slot epicwin 2021 年 4 月 17 日 - 下午 6:48

Appreciate this post. Let me try it out.

Here is my site … game slot epicwin

回覆
918kiss-m.com 2021 年 4 月 17 日 - 下午 7:58

Genuinely no matter if someone doesn’t be aware of after that its up to other users that they will assist,
so here it happens.

Feel free to surf to my page :: 918kiss 2 test id free (918kiss-m.com)

回覆
918kiss-m.com 2021 年 4 月 17 日 - 下午 8:03

When someone writes an paragraph he/she keeps the thought of a user in his/her mind that how a user can be
aware of it. Thus that’s why this post is amazing.
Thanks!

Feel free to visit my web page; cara id test wukong333, 918kiss-m.com,

回覆
slot club suncity 2021 年 4 月 17 日 - 下午 9:20

Thanks a bunch for sharing this with all people you actually
know what you are talking about! Bookmarked.

Kindly additionally talk over with my web site =). We may have a link exchange agreement between us

Here is my web-site: slot club suncity

回覆
situs judi online 2021 年 4 月 17 日 - 下午 9:25

I am regular reader, how are you everybody? This article posted at this site
is really good.

回覆
mega888 website 2021 年 4 月 17 日 - 下午 9:37

Hey! Do you know if they make any plugins to safeguard against hackers?

I’m kinda paranoid about losing everything I’ve worked hard on. Any tips?

My web page … mega888 website

回覆
kiosk ok388 vip 2021 年 4 月 17 日 - 下午 9:45

Stunning story there. What occurred after? Thanks!

my web blog :: kiosk ok388 vip

回覆
angpao xe88 2021 年 4 月 17 日 - 下午 10:47

Inspiring story there. What happened after?

Thanks!

my webpage – angpao xe88

回覆
Bandar Judi Online 2021 年 4 月 19 日 - 上午 10:19

Hello! Quick question that’s completely off topic. Do
you know how to make your site mobile friendly? My web site looks weird when viewing from my iphone4.
I’m trying to find a template or plugin that
might be able to correct this problem. If you have any suggestions,
please share. Thanks!

回覆

發表評論