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牢牢記住日語50音:平假名與片假名的好方法

by 阿哲
強化發音字形意義

學習日語第一個要面對的難關,就是背好50音的平假名與片假名,

而最傳統直接的背誦法就是從あいうえお、かきくけこ」

開始依序往下背到最後一個,因為最後都是母音O結尾的關係,

很容易朗朗上口,更容易讓人誤以為自己都記住了…

看到某個假名卻無法直接發音,

例如看到,都不自覺地會把五隻手指拿出來算,

要從開始算到才能發出的音,

這應該是初學者一開始共同不堪回首的慘痛經驗…(汗)

因此教學上,我會讓學生養成這種背誦習慣:


「用日常生活中常用的單字」來記住50音

在背平假名時,刻意去記一兩個常用單字,例如:

背單字聯想50音

如此一來,在背誦的同時,

50音的「發音」、「字形」與單字本身的「意義」會產生關連性,

彼此會強化彼此的存在感、熟悉感、認同感。

強化發音字形意義

一開始可能會覺得「拜託!?我50音都背不完了,哪有餘力去背單字?」

大家不用擔心,隨著你背的單字越多,重複出現的50音越多,

你對它越熟悉,不知不覺中就會記起來。

比方說「酒」是「さけ」,「傘」是「かさ」,

さ就出現了2次,下次看到「さくら」這個新單字,

就會聯想到之前所學過的單字裡面看過さ,

此時さ的存在感、熟悉感、認同感會跟你的大腦連結,

讓你很自然地將「さくら」唸出來跟背起來。


不只是平假名,大家最害怕的片假名也是一樣,

盡量用你覺得有趣或是好背的單字去記憶

像小時候我跟老弟很愛看日本怪獸電影「ゴジラ」,

(一開始的翻譯是「哥吉拉」,後來美國改編電影上映後改成「酷斯拉」…)

而這隻日本怪獸界的老大–真•破壞神–ゴジラ

主角光環無敵,反正最後一定會贏,別的怪獸都是來襯托的,

所以我對ゴジラ這三個字就很有印象,在背片假名時,當我搞不清楚還是

我就會想到哥吉拉的樣子…(不是恐龍啦,是ゴジラ那三個字啦~)

馬上就記起來了!

還有電影裡面會從毛毛蟲變成蝴蝶的モスラ(摩斯拉),

他跟ゴジラ第三個字都有,我就把順便記起來了。

你看!這樣不是很輕鬆愉快嗎!?

哥吉拉摩斯拉三頭龍

人都是害怕陌生,對於熟悉的東西會感到安心。

當你第一次背平假名時,恨不得日語全部都是漢字就好,

當你背完平假名,開始背片假名時, 又忽然覺得平假名好親切喔!

恨不得只要背平假名就好! 是不是這樣呢!?

所以要利用有趣或是熟悉的單字來背50音喔!

最後推薦大家一個輕鬆背50音的小遊戲:


achelink.com結尾

喜歡請分享給親朋好友~
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